Metal complexes in biomimetic chemical reactions N₂ fixation in solution, activation, and oxidation of alkanes, chemical models of photosynthesis by A. E. Shilov

Cover of: Metal complexes in biomimetic chemical reactions | A. E. Shilov

Published by CRC Press in Boca Raton, Fl .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Nitrogen -- Fixation.,
  • Biomimetics.,
  • Metal complexes.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Book details

StatementA.E. Shilov.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQR89.7 .S47 1996
The Physical Object
Pagination302 p. :
Number of Pages302
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL967515M
ISBN 100849349532
LC Control Number96003959

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Taube won the Nobel Prize () for the study of electron transfer reactions in transition metal complexes, classifying such reactions into two mechanisms. The mechanism of electron transfer in which a bridging ligand is shared between two metals is called the inner-sphere mechanism, and the one involving a direct transfer of electrons.

Get this from a library. Metal complexes in biomimetic chemical reactions: N₂ fixation in solution, activation, and oxidation of alkanes, chemical models of photosynthesis.

[A E Shilov]. Complexes of New Chiral Ligands. Binding of Dioxygen by Metal(II) Complexes Gas Volumetric Investigation of Dioxygen Uptake. Redox Potentials, Lewis Acidity, and Spin Ground State. Cobalt Complexes: Coupled Equilibria of Oxygenation. Complexes. The design of biomimetic complexes for the modeling of metallo-enzyme active sites is a fruitful strategy for obtaining fundamental information and a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms at work in Nature's chemistry.

The classical strategy for modeling metallo-sites relies on the synthesis of metal complexes with polydentate Cited by: Intermediate cases are complexes of Fe 3+, V 3+, V 2+, Ni 2+, and of main group ions (Be 2+, Al 3+) that are hard Lewis acids.

These complexes make strong metal-oxygen bonds and have water exchange rates in the range of 10 6 s Ions with zero CFSE exchange water molecules on a timescale of nanoseconds (k ≈ 10 9 s-1).

Alexander E. Shilov (Russian: Шилов, Александр Евгеньевич) (January 1, – June 6, ) was a Russian chemist. Shilov was born in Ivanovo, Russia, studied Chemistry in Kiev and received his diploma degree in from Kiev State University.

In he began working with Nobel Laureate Nikolay Semyonov toward his Ph.D. at the Academy of Sciences in Moscow. Water-bound metal (M) complexes play a central role in the catalytic centers of natural systems such as Photosystem II (PSII), superoxide dismutase, cytochrome c oxidase and others.

In these systems, electron transfer reactions involving the metal center are coupled to proton transfers. Besides its fundamental interest, comprehension of these reactions and of possible bio-inspired catalytic.

Gerhard Hilt is Full Professor at the Carl con Ossietzky University in Oldenburg, Germany. His research interests are applications of electron-transfer-activated transition-metal complexes in organic synthesis, quantification of Lewis acidities, organic electrochemistry, and surface-assisted transformations.

The networks are suitable for initiating and controlling chemical reactions in confined biomimetic compartments for rationalizing, for example, enzyme behaviors, as well as for applications in nanofluidics, bioanalytical devices, and to construct computational and complex sensor systems with operations building on chemical kinetics, coupled.

Metal-superoxo species have attracted much attention recently as key intermediates in enzymatic and biomimetic oxidation reactions.

The effect(s) of axial ligands on the chemical properties of metal-superoxo complexes has never been explored previously. In this study, we synthesized and characterized chromium(III)-superoxo complexes bearing TMC derivatives with pendant pyridine and.

2 Computational Insights into Chemical Reactivity and Road to Catalyst Design: The Paradigm of CO2 Hydrogenation 33 BhaskarMondal, Frank Neese, and Shengfa Ye. Introduction Chemical Reactions: Conceptual Thoughts Motivation behind Studying CO 2 Hydrogenation Challenges of CO 2 Reduction CO 2.

The direct synthesis of metal complexes and organometallic compounds from zerovalent metals is a known methodology that was well developed during the past years, since the first preparation of Zn(CH 2 CH 3) 2 by Frankland from the direct reaction of metallic zinc powder and ethyl iodide.

Although comparatively, the dimensions of the. Reactions. Reactions play the most fundamental role in synthesis. The ideology of Green Chemistry calls for the development of new chemical reactivities and reaction conditions that can potentially provide benefits for chemical syntheses in terms of resource and energy efficiency, product selectivity, operational simplicity, and health and environmental safety.

In chemistry, a template reaction is any of a class of ligand-based reactions that occur between two or more adjacent coordination sites on a metal the absence of the metal ion, the same organic reactants produce different products.

The term is mainly used in coordination template effects emphasizes the pre-organization provided by the coordination sphere, although the. The coordination sphere consists of the central metal ion or atom plus its attached ligands.

Brackets in a formula enclose the coordination sphere; species outside the brackets are not part of the coordination sphere. The coordination number of the central metal ion or atom is the number of donor atoms bonded to it.

The coordination number for the silver ion in [Ag(NH 3) 2] + is two (Figure The Organic Chemistry of Palladium, Volume 1: Metal Complexes deals with the number of organic reactions that can be catalyzed by palladium, particularly as regards the structures bonding, and reactions of the metal complexes.

The book discusses monodentate ligands which are either neutral (carbonyls, isonitriles, carbenes) or anionic (methyl. A quantitative structure−reactivity relationship has been derived from the results of B3LYP/+G* calculations on the hydration of carbon dioxide by a series of zinc complexes designed to mimic carbonic anhydrase.

The reaction mechanism found is general for all complexes investigated. The reaction exhibits a low (4−6 kcal/mol) activation energy and is exothermic by about 8 kcal/mol. The. A proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) reaction was widely studied with isolated organic molecules and metal complexes in solution in view of the biological catalytic reaction, while studying.

Groysman S, Majumdar A, Zheng S-L, Holm RH () Reactions of monodithiolene tungsten(VI) sulfido complexes with copper(I) in relation to the structure of the active site of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase.

Inorg Chem 49(3)– doi: /icm CrossRef. > Preparation, Bonding, Structure and Important Reactions of Transition Metal Nitrosyl, Dinitrogen and Dioxygen Complexes Join the revolution by becoming a part of our community and get all of the member benefits like downloading any PDF document absolutely free for your personal preview.

Biography. Gang Li received his B.S. in chemistry from Wuhan University in and his PhD in chemistry from Columbia University in After doing postdoctoral research at Princeton University and Bristol-Myers Squibb, he joined Utah State University as an assistant professor in August Additionally, the book describes physical methods of zero-valent metal interaction with organic matter, including sputtering, ultrasonic treatment and synthesis in ionic liquids.

The book presents completely new content as a follow-up to the Elsevier Science publication D irect Synthesis of Coordination and Organometallic Compounds that. Book Chapter Breslow R. Water as a solvent for chemical reactions. In: Green Chemistry. PT Anastas, TC Williamson, Eds.

Oxford Press, New York. R (Final) not available: Book Chapter Breslow R. Biomimetic reactions directed by templates. Purchase Metal Complexes - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book.

ISBNReaction Mechanisms of Metal Complexes (Hoorwood Chemical Science) by Hay, R. and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at Metal Complexes in Biomimetic Chemical Reactions. N2 Fixation in Solution, Activation and Oxidation of Alkanes, Chemical Models of Photosynthesis.

Prášil Photosynthetica vol page ()Cite this article. Coordination compound, any of a class of substances with chemical structures in which a central metal atom is surrounded by nonmetal atoms or groups of atoms, called ligands, joined to it by chemical bonds.

Coordination compounds include such substances as vitamin B, hemoglobin, and chlorophyll. In effect, the book provides a taster of what can be done to improve the efficiency of chemical reactions and to minimise or avoid waste products and contaminants.

such as electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and protein film voltammetry. In addition there are a number of synthetic biomimetic metal complexes included. the books provide. Natural metal complexes consisting of a central metal atom or ion (especially of the 3D transition metals) are involved in a plenty of biological mechanisms among which photosynthesis, transport of oxygen in blood, coordination of some metabolic processes, pathological states, enzymatic reactions, etc., even though the metallic ions represent.

Coordination complexes can undergo a variety of reactions, including electron transfer, ligand exchange, and associative processes. Key Terms. coordination: The reaction of one or more ligands with a metal ion to form a coordination compound.

redox: A reversible chemical reaction in which one reaction is an oxidation and the reverse is a reduction. The chemical synthesis, characterization, kinetic and using of reactors in metal phthalocyanines and Salen complexes as catalysts are studied. Techniques as SEM, nitrogen physisorption, are studie d.

54, ), “Redox-active Metal Complexes” (vol. 56, ), “Homogeneous Biomimetic Oxidation Catalysis” (Vol, ) or to a thematic issue of Chemical Reviews (Vol.) which covers inorganic and bioinorganic aspects of reaction mechanisms, including substitution reactions, activation of small molecules (oxygen.

Metal ions also promote key biological reactions as signaling agents; metal complexes can be employed to sense biological signaling agents. Lippard is an extramural faculty member of MIT’s David H.

Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research and is well known for his work on the mechanism of the anti-cancer drug cisplatin, which contains. Description. Asymmetric catalysis represents still one of the major challenges in modern organic chemistry. Besides the well-established asymmetric metal-complex-catalysed syntheses and biocatalysis, the use of "pure" organic catalysts turned out to be an additional efficient tool for the synthesis of chiral building blocks.

The rate of reaction changes only slightly with changes in the incoming ligand. (rate constant of less than a factor of 10) 2. Decreasing negative charge or increasing positive charge on the reactant compound decreases the rate of substitution. Steric crowding on the reactant complex increases the rate of ligand dissociation.

A huge number of metal complexes are used as catalysts in a variety of organic reactions (e.g., polymerizations, hydrogenations, additions, cross-coupling reactions, etc.).

The use of metal complexes was also particularly important in asymmetric synthesis. If the monomer bears a primary amine, or other addressable group, then coordination complexes or other molecules of interest (drugs, fluorophores, light harvesting chromophores, reactive metal coordination complexes) can be appended to the polymer introducing new desired functionalities.

In addition, Prof. Collman performed fundamental studies of organometallic reactions. He also prepared and characterized homodinuclear and heterodinuclear complexes having metal-metal multiple bonds, and made the first measurements of the rotational barriers found in multiple metal-metal bonds.

Prof. The main advantage of metal complexes is the ability not only to catalyze the transformation of the substrate, but also to coordinate it due to the ligands near the metal center of the biomimetic. Many works on the investigation of the catalytic activity of organic polymers without metal in their structure have been published [], but.

The Solar Energy Conversion Group has developed and maintains unique, advanced electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) facilities at Argonne for the analysis of the structure and function of artificial and natural photosynthetic assemblies, catalytically active transition metal complexes, biohybrid complexes, organic photovoltaic materials, and metallo-organic frameworks.

From the catalytic reactions that sustain the global oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon cycles to the stabilization of DNA processing proteins, transition metal ions and metallocofactors play key roles in biology. Although the exquisite interplay between metal ions and protein scaffolds has been studied extensively, the fact that the biological roles of the metals often stem from their placement in.

Metal ions play many critical functions in humans. Deficiency of some metal ions can lead to disease like pernicious anemia resulting from iron deficiency, growth retardation arising from insufficient dietary zinc, and heart disease in infants owing to copper deficiency.

Antibiotic resistance has been growing at an alarming rate and consequently the activity of antibiotics against Gram.Professor Emeritus James Collman has made landmark contributions to inorganic chemistry, metal ion biochemistry, homogeneous catalysis, and transition metal organometallic chemistry.

He pioneered numerous now-popular research tools to reveal key structural and functional details of metalloenzymes essential to respiration and energy, and hemoglobin and myoglobin, essential to.

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